Anat Lelior’s first experience with surfing, at age 5, was an inauspicious start to the sport that would become her career and, later this month, take her to the Tokyo Olympics.
Her father, Yochai, lay on the back of the board with her at their local beach in Tel Aviv and pushed them into a breaking wave. But instead of riding to the sand, triumphant, the board nosedived. They tumbled off and the board shot into the air like an eight-foot, plastic-and-foam projectile. On its return trip it hit Anat on the forehead, splitting it open.
As blood ran down his daughter’s face, Yochai recalled, “all the people on the beach were looking at me like I was a murderer.”
Anat, however, was unfazed. After dripping blood across the sand and getting stitches at the hospital, she asked to go back to the beach. When Yochai took her back to the scene of the crime, the lifeguards there made her tea and she sat, stitched up and bandaged, watching the waves.
Despite her injury, it was the beginning of Anat’s love affair with the sport. She continued to surf, and eventually began entering regional contests run by the Israeli Surfing Association (ISA). Soon, she was not only winning, but catching the eye of the local surf industry. Artur Rashkovan, the owner of Klinika, a Tel Aviv surf shop and pivotal figure in modern surf culture there, remembers the first time he saw her surf.
“I was announcing a local kids’ contest in Netanya, around 2007,” he said. “I saw this girl, like 12 years old, and she was laying back [a technical, snapping maneuver] and throwing water. I didn’t know her name, and I freaked. I was like, ‘Who is this girl?!’”
That ability to throw water — the amount of spray coming from a board as a surfer turns it — requires strong legs, technical skills and confidence. And in Anat’s case, it was just one indication of her power and prowess in the water, which was well beyond that of peers. But unlike female standouts in places like California or Australia, where contests are brimming over with talented up-and-comers across genders, in Israel at the time, there were only a handful of other girls competing. Anat quickly ran out of people to surf against.
According to Rashkovan, in the 1980s, surfer Maya Dauber came up against the same problem. Known as Israel’s first female pro, she ended up competing against boys due to the lack of female opponents. But by the time Anat began competing and pursuing a surfing career, not only were there fewer kids surfing, but national interest in the sport was all but dead. The barrier to entry had become even higher.
“We slowly started seeing the level of European surfing escaping us,” said Rashkovan. “The European surfers started getting bigger sponsorships and the ASP circuit [the global organizing body] would go to Europe. There was a geographic connection for them, too, and we were, you know, at the end of the [Mediterranean], left out.”
The idea, then, of surfing becoming an Olympic sport — much less an Israeli competing in them — seemed more than a little far-fetched.
But then, in 2002, Rashkovan became the director of the ISA. He dreamt of the day that Israel had a vibrant surf culture, like what he’d seen on a trip to California. The road there, however, would be long and steep. While the industry as a whole was thriving, in Israel, competitive surfing was not. So Rashkovan got to work: He offered insurance and surf shop discounts as perks of membership. He threw a big re-launch party for the association, and brought in the major brands and registered new members. He worked to convince surfers that being part of ISA had perks, even for non-competitors. By the time he left the ISA, in the mid-2000s, he had reinvigorated competitive surfing, begun to rebuild its membership roster and created the first events for girls.
In 2007, Rashkovan and the ISA passed the reins to Yossi Zamir. An Israeli native, Zamir was newly returned after nearly two decades living in Australia. There, he not only formed close industry connections, but he also saw a highly organized, government-sponsored approach to surfing with competition that created a kind of feeder system to the sport’s upper echelon. When he arrived at the ISA, he set out to import what he’d learned.
His first goal was get more kids into surfing — helping it lose its punk, bad-boy image — and put some structure, rules and standards into the competitions. The next was to bring higher-profile, international qualifying contests to the country. And together with an top Australian coach, he developed a coaching program and high-performance clinics for ISA surfers. Like Rashkovan, he, too, remembers when he first saw Anat surf.
“At the first clinic, Anat arrived with her sister,” Zamir said. “She was really young and we actually saw her potential already at that time.”
It was around 2012, and at the time, Israel had just four or five female competitors, total, in the entire country. “It was very hard to get to a high level when you don’t really have someone to compete against in Israel,” said Zamir. “Anat was working very hard, I respect her very much for what she did. And she has an amazing family supporting her.”
In fact, it was Anat’s father, Yochai, who lobbied the ISA to let her compete in the boys’ contests. “In the beginning we said no,” said Zamir.
After some time, however, the association relented. Anat joined boys’ contests, and then began to travel and compete outside of the country, against bigger pools of female athletes. At the same time, surfing’s popularity in Israel continued to grow, and more girls began to compete.
While Anat sometimes struggled to find the competitive resources in a system that wasn’t yet ready for her, her family filled in with support in every way. Not only did her parents supply her with equipment and occasional plane tickets but also, helpfully, with in-house training partners: her older brother, Ido, and her younger sister, Noa, who also competed until an injury derailed her. Having each other to surf with helped them both up their game.
It was Noa who spearheaded Anat’s first visit to a much bigger stage in surfing. Now 18, when Noa was 12, she asked if, in lieu of a party for her bat mitzvah, the family could go to a surf contest abroad. Yochai and the sisters packed up and headed for their first Qualifying Series (QS) and Junior-level contest in France — a massive step up from local competitions.
“It was such a treat,” Yochai said. “Tents on the beach. Buffet for the morning and everything was so nice. We rented a van, but a van for flowers, so we slept in the back with sleeping bags. We didn’t do the big party for Noa. But we did a road trip. We did this competition and then we went to Pantin [Spain, which also hosts a QS contest]. The seed was planted. One event can make a difference for a person’s life in her journey.”
The trip was the family’s first to a higher-tier, international event, but far from their last. Anat continued to compete at home and abroad, and in 2019, she provisionally qualified as Israel’s entrant to the Olympics at the International Surfing Association’s World Surfing Games in El Salvador. A few weeks ago, the family was there yet again to cheer her on as she secured her spot in Tokyo.
Yet, Anat’s path has not been an easy one. In contrast to many of her Olympic peers, her formative years in the sport were largely a journey of one.
“It’s so hard to be so alone in this kind of a journey, to have to break so many barriers,” Yochai said. “You question yourself so many times. You are not in a community of surfers. To be a woman surfer with no competitions for you, and to be able to grow from that. To go to the army, and to go to school; this feeling that you always have to be in two places at the same time.”
Those who have watched her evolution in the water and out say that it’s not only her talent, work ethic and uniquely supportive family that have gotten her here.
“Anat has a very strong internal energy,” said Rashkovan. “She’s something else, she’s a different kind of person. She’s very strong-minded.” In other words, she has the kind of toughness required to forge her own way in a highly competitive, male-dominated sport.
It’s in that light, said Yochai, that Anat’s road to the Olympics means more than just reaching the pinnacle of her sport. He recalled the time, in 2019, when she provisionally qualified for Tokyo. It had been a long, challenging day in which she’d competed against some of the world’s most elite surfers.
“When we got to the hotel, suddenly I understood that her qualification was [validation]. For a long time, she couldn’t believe that her success was her own doing and not by chance. And she worked so hard for it.
“In a way, making the Olympics says yes, your work, your achievement, is visible. Yes, you are a woman. You are a surfer. You are an Israeli. You are Jewish. You’re a lot of things. But the Olympics, it’s confirmation.”